This bronze is a cast of a preparatory study for Rodin’s 1905 larger relief, Le Poète et la Muse, the plaster version of which is in the Musée Rodin, Paris. Rodin believed strongly in the inspiration provided by his muses and the relationship behind creative genius and passion. Typically, Rodin also titled the work as Maternity, portraying the image as a Mother and child. The finished work, for which this sculpture was the study, was re-named Nuit de Mai. Marble versions were commissioned from Rodin in 1905 by the American collector James Phelan and in 1913, by the French collector Maurice Fenaille.
The Comité Rodin state that the sculptor requested one bronze cast of this study from Alexis Rudier around 1910-1915. The Musée Rodin then ordered two further cast from the Rudier Foundry in 1923 and 1927, of which this cast is the version made in 1927. No other casts are known.